2017全国英语等级考试一级阅读完整真题及答案

发布时间:2017-06-29 编辑:绮雯 手机版

  导语:公共英语的阅读部分包括两方面,词语配伍和短文理解,下面是YJBYS小编提供的2017全国英语等级考试一级阅读完整真题及答案,欢迎参考。

  第一节词语配伍

  从右栏所给选项中选出与左栏各项意义相符的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  51.People look up new words in it.

  52.People use it to keep off the rain.

  53. People take it in the morning.

  54. People wear it to get to know the time.

  55. People read it for reports of the latest events.

  A. camera

  B. television

  C. watch

  D. umbrella

  E. breakfast

  F. dictionary

  G. newspaper

  第三部分阅读理解第一节词语配伍

  51.用来查询生词。

  52.用来挡雨。

  53.早上吃的饭。

  54.戴着它来掌握时问。

  55.读它来了解最新事件的报道。

  A.照相机

  B.电视机

  C.手表

  D.雨伞

  E.早餐

  F.字典

  G.报纸

  51.F

  52.D

  53.E

  54.C

  55.G

  第二节短文理解1

  阅读下面短文,从A.(Right)、B.(Wrong)、C.(Doesn’t say)三个判断中选择一个正确选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Farmers do not like crows (乌鸦) because these birds eat newly-planted seeds (种子). They are afraid that they will not have anything left in autumn if the birds eat up all the seeds.

  It is hard for farmers to get close enough to kill crows. Crows have very good eyes and good hearing. They are also very careful. While some are eating the newly-planted seeds, others sit on the tallest trees around the fields. "Caw-caw-caw," cries the first crow to see farmers coming. All the other "lookout" crows join in the crying and then, in no time at all, there is not a crow to be seen. Farmers have found several ways to kill crows. But it is good that there are still crows about. These birds are our friends. They pay for the seeds they eat by killing pests(害虫). One pest, for example, can eat up several plants in a few hours. With thousands of them at work in one night, we might find ourselves without food to eat. This is why we should not try to kill off the crow.

  56. According to the writer, crows only bring troubles to farmers.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Doesn't say

  57. It is not easy for farmers to kill crows.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Doesn't say

  58. Farmers can get paid by killing pests.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Doesn't say

  59. Up to now, no ways have been found to kill crows.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Doesn't say

  60. Crows eat seeds and pests at night.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Doesn't say

  第二节短文理解l

  农民不喜欢乌鸦,因为这些鸟会吃掉新种下的种子。他们担心如果乌鸦吃光了所有的种子,到秋天他们将一无所获。农民们很难接近乌鸦到足够杀死它们的距离。乌鸦有非常好的视力和听力并且非常谨慎小心。当一部分乌鸦在吃新种下的种子时,其他的乌鸦就蹲在田地周围最高的树上。只要一看到农民来了,乌鸦就会“呱呱呱”地叫起来。只要第一个叫了,其他望风的乌鸦也会一起叫起来,马上田地里就一只乌鸦也没有了。

  农民们找到了一些杀死乌鸦的方法。但是有乌鸦存在还是有好处的。这些鸟儿是我们的朋友。它们会通过吃掉害虫来弥补吃下的种子。比如,一只害虫可以在几个小时内就吃光几株植物,那么上千只害虫一晚上吃下来,我们就没东西可吃了。这就是为什么我们不应该试图杀光乌鸦的原因。

  56.B【精析】句意:根据本文作者,乌鸦只会给农民带来麻烦。是非题。从文章第三段第二句“But it is good that there are still CROWS about.”可以推断出,本题的判断是与原文不符。故选B。

  57.A【精析】句意:农民们要杀死乌鸦并不容易。推断题。从文章第二段前三句“It is hard for farmers to get close enough to kill crows.Crows have very good eyes and good hearing.They are alsovery careful.”可以推断出本题是正确的。故选A。

  58.C【精析】句意:农民们杀死害虫会获得报酬。是非题。文章第三段只是说乌鸦会通过杀死害虫来回报给农民它们吃掉的种子,但是没有说农民杀死害虫会获得报酬。题干说法文中并未提及,故选C。

  59.B【精析】句意:直到现在,人们还没有找到杀死乌鸦的方法。是非题。文章第三段第一句“Farmers have found several ways to killcrows.”可以推断出,本题的判断与原文不符。故选B。

  60.C【精析】句意:乌鸦晚上吃种子和害虫。推断题。从文章第一段和第三段我们知道乌鸦会吃种子和害虫,但是并没有指明是在晚上。故选C。

  第三节短文理解2

  阅读下列短文,从A.、B.、C.三个选项中选择一个正确答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  请根据下面短文回答第61-65题:

  Mara was going to stay with her friend Fanny for three days. A week before her trip, she called Fanny to tell her when the train would arrive. Fanny asked Mara to wait for her at the west entrance ( 入口 ) of the railway station.

  The train arrived early. Mara didn't know the station very well and instead of going to the west entrance, she went out of the north entrance and waited for Fanny there.

  Fanny checked at the information desk and found that the train had already arrived. She looked round near the west entrance of the station but couldn't see Mara anywhere. She began to think that Mara must have missed the train.

  Mara waited at the north entrance, but she couldn't see Fanny. She decided that Fanny was not coming to meet her after all. So she walked across the road to the bus station and asked for the bus to Market Road, where Fanny lived.

  You can imagine(想象 ) how surprised Fanny was when she arrived home and found Mara al-ready talking to her mother.

  61. When did Mara tell Fanny about her train ride?

  A. On the day of her trip.

  B. A week before her trip.

  C. Three days before her trip.

  62. Why did Mara go out of the north entrance instead of the west entrance?

  A. She didn't see Fanny at the west entrance.

  B. She didn't know the station very well.

  C. The north entrance was nearer.

  63.Mara stopped waiting for Fanny at the station because________

  A. she believed Fanny was not coming to meet her

  B. she knew the way to Fanny's home

  C. she thought Fanny was late

  64. How did Mara get to Market Road after the train ride?

  A. On foot.

  B. By car.

  C. By bus.

  65. Where did Fanny meet Mara?

  A. At Fanny's home.

  B. At the north entrance.

  C. At the information desk.

  第三节短文理解2

  玛拉要去她的朋友范妮家住三天。旅行前一周,她打电话告诉了范妮她的火车几点到站。范妮让她在火车站的西进站口等她。火车提前到站。玛拉对这个火车站不熟,所以她没有去西进站口而是去了北进站l:2等范妮。范妮从服务台得知火车已经到站了。她在西进站口附近找了一圈都找不到玛拉。她开始以为玛拉一定是错过了这趟火车。玛拉在北进站口等着,但没有看到范妮。她觉得范妮应该不会来接她了。于是她穿过马路,在对面的公交车站问了到范妮家所在的Market路的公交车。你可以想象范妮到家发现玛拉已经在和她母亲聊天时会有多惊讶。

  61.B【精析】句意:玛拉是什么时候告诉范妮她乘坐的火车的?细节题。从文章第一段第二句“A week before her trip,she called Fan—ny to tell her when the train would arrive.”可以得出,玛拉是在旅行之前一周告诉范妮火车何时到达的。故选B。

  62.B【精析】句意:为什么玛拉去了北进站口而不是西进站口?细节题。从文章第二段第二句“Mara didIl’t know the station verywell…”可以看出,玛拉是由于不了解火车站而走错的,故选B。

  63.A【精析】句意:玛拉没有在火车站等范妮是因为——。细节题。从文章第四段第二句“She decided that Fanny was notcoming to meet her after all.”可以看出,玛拉没有在火车站等范妮是因为她觉得范妮不会来接她了,故选A。

  64.C【精析】句意:在下火车后玛拉是如何到达Market路的?推断题。从文章第四段最后一句“So she walked across the road to the busstation and asked for the bus to Market Road,where Fanny lived"可知,玛拉去马路对面的公交车站问了到范妮家街道的公交车。因此,可以推断出玛拉是坐公交车到范妮家的。故选C。

  65.A【精析】句意:范妮是在哪里和玛拉见面的?的推断题。从文章最后一段“You can imagine how surprised Fanny was when she ar-rived home and found Mara already talking to her mother.”可以看出,范妮是回家发现玛拉已经到了她家后两人才见面的。故选A。

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