大学英语专业四级阅读推理题解题方法

发布时间:2019-11-29 编辑: 手机版

  推理类题目常见的提问方式有:

  The writer implies (but not directly states) that ______.

  It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

  The author strongly suggests that ______.

  What can be inferred about X?

  Which of the following can be inferred about X?

  According to Paragraph X, which of the following can be inferred about X?

  Based on the information in Paragraph X, the author implies that ______.

  We can tell from this/figure out / guess/ expect that ______.

  The writer seems to expect ______.

  Pick the answer that seems most reasonable to you.

  You can assume ______.

  You can conclude from this paragraph/passage that ______.

  此类题目的解答需要依赖逻辑判断,即答案选项中并非直接出现的信息,而是需要答题者通过理解和常识对陈述进行判断,需要注意的是推断过程一般都不会太复杂,只需一步即可,需要多步推论的情况在考题中几乎从未出现过,所以不要把问题想得太复杂,以致影响答题的速度和准确性。

  针对不同的干扰项,答题的技巧有几种。当选项含有文章中直接出现的词语时,要特别注意对比与该词语相关的信息(比如事件、时间、地点、因果、顺序等等)是否发生了改变,没有完全正确地复述原文内容的选项就是干扰项。另外,选项本身所陈述的逻辑可能很符合常识,但是如果这样的推论中包含了原文中未出现的信息,也一定不是正确答案。这类干扰项具有较大迷惑性,回答时要切记与原文对照,不要想当然。